South Dakota Bald Eagle Awareness Days         Bald Eagle Awareness Days
 
If You Find an Injured Bird of Prey

Contact a South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks Wildlife Conservation Officer, a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service employee, or another wildlife expert. Please do not attempt to rehabilitate birds on your own.

Some tips for handling injured raptors:

  1. Please do not attempt to rehabilitate a raptor on your own. Always contact a licensed professional. If you are unsure of who to notify contact an appropriate agency in your area, such as the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), your state's Department of Natural Resources or Department of Game, Fish and Parks, or your local sheriff's office.
     
  2. If you must handle or move a bird, first cover the bird with a blanket or towel to reduce its visual stimulation, and protect yourself by wearing heavy gloves and safety glasses. Then, gently fold the bird's wings into its body with your two gloved hands and gently but firmly lift the bird into a transport container. Remember: Even a seriously injured raptor is potentially dangerous. Wild birds do not understand that we are trying to help and will defend themselves. They are quite unpredictable, and you should be especially aware of their sharp beak and talons.
     
  3. The best way to transport a raptor is in a plastic dog or cat kennel, or a sturdy cardboard box. Avoid bird or wire cages as these can cause feather and soft tissue damage. The carrier should have plenty of ventilation holes and should only be slightly larger than the size of the bird. The less room an injured bird has to move around, the less likely it is to cause more injury to itself. However, if a container is too small, a bird can sustain extensive wing and feather damage.
     
  4. Never feed an injured raptor unless you have been instructed to do so by a licensed rehabilitator. The dietary needs of raptors are more delicately balanced than people realize. Even the juiciest steak imaginable will not provide a raptor with what it needs. Also, most injured birds are suffering from dehydration, and attempting to feed them or give them water orally may worsen their condition. If a bird has not eaten for a while, its digestive system shuts down and it cannot handle any food. At The Raptor Center, these patients are given a special fluid therapy for a day or two to jump-start their systems before any type of food is provided.
     
  5. Handle an injured raptor as little as possible. Stress resulting from human contact can reduce a bird's chance of recovery.
     
  6. Until the bird can be transferred, provide it with a dark, quiet, calm, warm environment. Darkness has a calming effect on birds. Extra care should be taken to keep the bird away from children and pets.
     
  7. Do not keep a raptor any longer than is necessary to get it to a veterinary professional, raptor rehabilitator, or state/federal wildlife representative.

This information is located at: http://www.raptor.cvm.umn.edu/learn/info/faqs/injuredraptor/home.html

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Download an eagle brochure (PDF file) by clicking here. Brochures can be obtained from the South Dakota Department of Game, Fish & Parks at 523 East Capitol Avenue in Pierre, South Dakota 57501.  If you have questions or comments, email or call the South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks at (605) 773-4229.